smiling women
News & Events

What IUD Is Best for Me?

What IUD is best for me? There are multiple factors involved in deciding upon the best IUD. It Is always best to get a recommendation from a skilled gynecologist like our board-certified OBGYNs in East Syracuse, NY. Keep reading to learn more.

Intrauterine Devices Are Very Effective

You might be investigating IUDs simply because they are so effective at preventing pregnancy. Your physician inserts it, and you forget about it. No remembering to take pills or regularly scheduled shots is needed with an IUD. There are other forms of contraception, but IUDs are 99% effective at preventing pregnancy. 

woman holding an iud.

You may also want to take advantage of some of their other benefits beyond effectiveness.

Some IUDs can make your period lighter with some women not getting periods at all. In addition, the hormonal IUDs relieve severe cramping, anemia, and heavy periods.

Some IUDs can be used as emergency contraception within 5 days of having unprotected sex. 

What Are the Two Types of IUDs?

You can choose from four hormonal devices and one copper device.

Copper IUDs

These IUDs are made of copper and plastic with no hormones. Copper happens to be a spermicide that kills sperm. Sperm reach the IUD before they can reach an egg to fertilize it. Copper also makes it more difficult for fertilized eggs to be implanted in the uterus. This device lasts for up to 10 years.

The only copper IUD that is available in the United States is ParaGard.

It can have some disadvantages and side effects that may occur like:

  • Cramps
  • Bleeding between periods
  • Severe menstrual pain and heavy bleeding

Hormonal IUDs

This type of IUD has the hormone progestin levonorgestrel. Progestin thickens cervical mucus and also thins the lining of the uterus. This prevents sperm from reaching the fertilized eggs. This hormone also can stop ovulation.

The four leading brands of hormone IUDs include: Kyleena, Liletta, Mirena, and Skyla. It can take one week before they prevent pregnancy.

These hormonal IUDs have their own set of side effects that could occur:

  • Weight gain
  • Acne
  • Headaches
  • Mood changes
  • Irregular bleeding which can resolve after 6 months
  • Cramps and pelvic pain

These 4 devices can remain in place from 3 to 6 years.

Making the Decision Right for You

It is essential to consult with our OBGYNs as you make a decision. Consider how heavy your periods are, how regular or irregular they are, as well as cramps and pain. This is a personal decision you should make based on your needs. Be aware an IUD does not protect you from STDs. 

Lastly, the insertion of any IUD can be painful feeling like a severe cramp, but it only lasts a brief minute.

Contact our board-certified OBGYNs at (315) 446-4201 if you are considering an IUD for your contraceptive plan in East Syracuse, NY.